SKIN PROBLEMS AND THEIR CARE
The owner is usually the first to notice the skin problems of her animals e.g. itch, redness, dandruff, constant scratching and rubbing, warmth, loss of hair and hardening of the skin. These are all typical symptoms for various skin diseases. The culprit can be a parasite, allergy, external irritating agent, trauma or infection. Infections can be broken down to be caused by various different microbes such as mold, fungus, bacteria or virus. A general scientific term for all these conditions is dermatitis.
Veterinarian is the best person to analyse the comprehensive clinical situation and define the right treatment.
The regulating body for animal welfare and protection legislate that it is the owners obligation and responsibility to care for the animals in his/her care. If diseases are not able to be treated sufficiently, sometimes the most merciful decision is euthanizing the animal.
It is worth noting that the disease mechanisms underlying these typical skin problems in cats, dogs, horses and people is alike, as is their skin structure. Hence the rational of the treatment for these skin diseases is nearly identical. Good rule of thumb is that, do not apply on the skin of these animals anything you would not be willing to put on your own skin.
HEALTHY SKIN CARE
The basic skin care for the cats, dogs and horses is similar due to their analogues of the skin structure and function. The differences are due to the various behavioral and living conditions of these animals. Self grooming of cats and dogs will need to be considered carefully when choosing care products, please ensure that the ingredients are suitable for cats and dogs. Specifically with cats, one needs to consider, that cats unlike dogs, are unable to metabolize many of the substances in essential oils. Proper skin care requires follow up on the animal’s skin condition. Knowledge of how healthy skin looks and feels is a pre-requisite in recognising unhealthy skin with problems.
Basic care for healthy skin is proper nutrition and appropriate outdoor exercise.